Bulgaria is one of the few countries with climate that
includes four seasons, mild winter, sunny spring, warm
but not too hot summer and cool autumn.
This climate is a prerequisite for the existence of a rich variety
of fruits, vegetables, herbs, nuts. The country lacks a
well-developed heavy industry therefore Bulgarian soils are
clean and fertile.
According to the National Environmental Agency "the soils in
the country are in good environmental condition in terms of
availability of organic matter, as well as contamination
with heavy metals and metalloids. There are no known soil
contaminations with persistent organic pollutants.
Plants in Bulgaria have strong aroma, fruits and vegetables
are extremely delicious. Land in Bulgaria is suitable for clean
production, as in recent years there has been a trend for
reduction of industrial production. Central Balkan, Strandzha
and Rila are environmentally friendly in terms of air pollution.
These are the most suitable areas for cultivation of wild
plants and herbs.
Although Bulgaria is a small country in territory, near 30-40%
percent of the land areas are clean and suitable for
Bulgaria is the country which produces the best yogurt.
It is proved that the yoghurt maintains health and longevity
Bulgarian yogurt is a fermented milk product, which is
produced by bacterial fermentation of milk, by using a
living culture of Lactobacillus Bulgaricus and
They say that the Bulgarian has a distinctive aroma and
specificity, most likely due to the fact that the areas where
animals eat are characterized by a wide variety of herbs
and plants unique to Bulgaria and the Bulgarian climate.
Bulgaria produces some of the finest wines. British politician
Winston Churchill used to order 500 liters annually Bulgarian
wine, which proves that Bulgarian wines are famous for their
taste qualities worldwide.
In Bulgaria today there are more than 135,734 hectares
of vines planted, with red wine varieties occupy about 52
percent and whites - 42%. There are five separate main
wine regions - Danubian Plain (North), Black Sea (East),
Rose Valley (sub-Balkan), Thracian Valley (South),
Struma Valley (South-west).
Each of them has its specific conditions and characteristics
that allow the cultivation of some of the typical Bulgarian
local varieties such as Gumza, Red Miscat, broad-leaved vine
of Melnik, Rubin, Mavroud, Pamid and Dimyat.
Bulgaria is also famous for the production of the
highest quality rose oil in the world.
There is no better rose oil than the Bulgaria. Only the
Bulgarian rose oil covers 100% of the quality requirements.
The highest quality and popularity rose oil is obtained from
Rosa damascene cultivated in Bulgaria - Kazanlak oleaginous
rose grown in the Rose Valley, known for most suitable
conditions for growing.
Bulgaria is a country very rich in medicinal herbs. The
specifics of the climate and soils are favorable for the growth
of many herbs, the total number of which is
about 3600 species.
The specific soil and climatic conditions in the country
are also favourable for the cultivation of sunflower,
walnuts, flax and hemp and sesame. Bulgarian sunflower
seeds and walnuts are extremely delicious as well as all
fruits and vegetables grown in the country and the Bulgarian
herbs are very fragrant.